Kinds Of Managers

Managers are defined as authorized people who are responsible for managing organizational process of companies or organizations. Those responsibilities comprise scheduling business goals and strategies, assigning tasks, organizing resources and supervise operational outcomes.

Kinds of managers are categorized according to different criteria, which include the diversity of managerial tasks, business cultures, companies’ structures and various managerial styles. In 1993, Refik Culpan and Orsay Kucukemiroglu proposed six different managerial dimensions representing six relevant kinds of managers: participative, paternalistic, authoritarian, entrepreneurial, conservative and bureaucratic. The following text describes characteristics of these six kinds of managers:

Authoritarian managers:

Authoritarian managers are those who always support the idea that managers have supreme power and everyone should strictly obey them. Therefore they continuously supervise and involve themselves in every single action of employees to ensure that everything is going in the right direction. Subordinates often see authoritarian managers as perfectionists because they require excellence in every employee’s commitment. However, they always try to maintain justice at workplace and treat their subordinates fairly. Authoritarian managers are especially essential for organizations which have problems in work ethics and chaotic environment.

Bureaucratic managers:

Bureaucratic managers are popular in highly hierarchical enterprise and organizations. They strictly follow companies’ rules, procedures and regulations to guarantee responsibility, orderliness and work performance. Their acts of management and coordination are always carried out in a hierarchical manner.

Participative managers:

Not like bureaucratic and authoritarian managers, participative managers highly value the importance of teamwork and connection in the organization. They give their subordinates the freedom of communicating their opinions and ideas. They also encourage employee to take part in decision making process and expect everyone to fully trust the company’s directions. Participative managers are suitable to small and medium-sized enterprises which are more flexible to changes and challenges.

Paternalistic managers:

Paternalistic managers are dictatorial leaders who see employees as submissive followers but take into account subordinates’ desires and expectations in making organizational decisions. Paternalistic managers normally receive great support from their subordinates because they always concern about employee’s benefits and well-being.

Entrepreneurial managers:

Entrepreneurial managers are regularly risk takers who are not afraid of failure and fluctuations. They are also the pioneers in innovation and rapid business expansion. Entrepreneurial managers totally give prominence operating profits, business development and work optimization.

Conservative managers:

Conservative managers tend to support previously successful strategies of companies and organizations to guarantee effectiveness and good results. They prefer applying plans with moderate goals and low-risk measurements. Past experience is their beneficial source of advices. However, conservative managers do not oppose innovation, but support changes with caution.